This paper seeks to understand the outbreaks and the development of grisi siknis , a form of mass spirit possession among the Miskitu of. Miskito villages line the Atlantic coasts of Nicaragua and Honduras. Nietschmann ( 47) estimated the number of Miskito speakers in Nicaragua at in. Grisi siknis (which literally means “crazy sickness”), is characterized by long periods of anxiety, dizziness, fear, and irrational anger. The most.

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George Boeree, believes that amok with very similar symptoms to grisi siknispibloktoq, latah, “falling out”, “indisposition”, and the “fits” are all related to impulse control disorders, and thus are associated with trichotillomaniacompulsive gambling, pyromania, and kleptomania in Western medicine. I would define culture as the similar beliefs and traditions between a group of people that involve lifestyle, spiritual, and similar ways of life that make them different from another group of people.

I thought that this sickness was very interesting to read about because it reminded me of someone basically having a nervous breakdown.

Grisi Siknis in Nicaragua

I believe culture is the sharing of beliefs gfisi values within a group of people. Ritual expressions of the transition to adulthood among Miskitu adolescents” PDF. The outbreak of the malady, known as grisi siknis in the local Miskut language, began in the Raiti community near the Honduran border a month ago.

Dr Levy confirmed that the Miskito healers were leading the fight to bring the outbreak under control.

Nicaragua village in grip of madness | World news | The Guardian

Community leaders in Raiti claim the griwi of grisi siknis is the result of a curse. Although grisi siknis behaves like a virus, researchers have not been able to trace anything irregular in the blood samples of victims. In such a crazed state, these women are difficult to siinis. Cultural Politics and Health: It is estimated that some 25, people live in the Miskito communities on the banks or the Coco river.


An advantage to labeling the illness as a CBS is to make it more well known. More recently cases occurring amongst people of Spanish descent have also been reported. Some scholars in the country conclude that it is due to the extreme poverty that the Miskito people endure and that was worsened by Hurricane Felix of September griwi People with similar backgrounds and heritage tend to share the same cultural beliefs and practices.

Phil Dennis of Texas Tech Universitygrisi siknis is griei characterized by longer periods of anxiety, nausea, dizziness, irrational anger and fear, interlaced with short periods of rapid frenzy, in which the victim “lose[s] consciousness, believe[s] that devils beat them and have sexual relations with them” and runs away.

This has coincided with recent developments in Miskitu society marked by conflicts, contradictions and tense social relations. Retrieved 20 March Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: According to local press reports, they have extraordinary strength and often four people are required to restrain them. And because of this, Grisi is considered a disease. The paper argues that the phenomenon should no longer be considered a ‘culture-bound condition’ but in fact siinis Miskitu version of involuntary mass spirit possession.

I feel like this illness should be considered a CBS because I think that the ways of life of the Nicaraguan people may cause them to go into these madness episodes.

A different approach to studying this condition could involve different research trials to try and pinpoint the origin of the condition and try to find a solution to fixing the problem.

The paper shows that socio-economic, cultural, personal as well as environmental factors all contribute to outbreaks of grisi siknis. Grisi Siknis Among the Miskito”. This is a disputed fact, as not all cases involve sexual encounters.


Involuntary mass spirit possession among the Miskitu.

It is clearly an illness that greatly affects a certain cultural group. CS1 Spanish-language sources es Use dmy dates from January Location grsi origin of a group of people also has a role in culture. July 20, at 7: Westport, CTUnited States: In Simons, Ronald C. Hopefully if Grisi Siknis is categorized as a CBS then more people will hear about the illness and try to help the Siknsi people.

I believe culture is a way for people to identify with other people that they can relate to. The last major outbreak of grisi siknis began in and affected dozens of Miskito communities throughout the region for 20 years. Seven cases were reported in neighbouring Namahka last week, where one year-old girl is said to have died.

The American Journal of Psychiatry. Culture, Illness, and Healing. He says the attacks are very serious to those experiencing them and their families, and often to entire Miskito communities.

Further research that seeks to understand other forms of involuntary mass spirit possession should emphasize the social, personal and environmental context as well as cross-cultural comparisons in order to encompass fully the role of culture in relation to illness and suffering. Group discussions, narratives and informal and semi-structured interviews were suknis out, as well as participation in healing rituals. This Post Has 2 Comments.