1. DOI /vx. Pontifical Encyclical Divino Afflante Spiritu () and Principle of Interpretation Bible. PhDr. ThDr. Daniel Slivka, PhD. DIVINO AFFLANTE SPIRITU Encyclical of Pope pius xii concerning the advancement of biblical studies. The document is dated Sept. 30, , feast of St. WHEN the Encyclical Letter Divino Afflante Spiritu appeared thirty years ago, it was the conclusion that in this field Pope P ius XII’s Encyclical was really.
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Pope Pius XI decreed that no one should receive a benefice having attached the canonical obligation of expounding the Sacred Scripture unless he had obtained the licentiate or doctorate in biblical science. For whereas there arose new and serious difficulties and questions, from the wide-spread prejudices of rationalism and more especially from the discovery and investigation of the antiquities of the East, this same Our Predecessor, moved by zeal of the apostolic office, not only that such an excellent source of Catholic revelation might be more securely and abundantly available to the advantage of the Christian flock, but also that he might not suffer it to be in any way tainted, wished and most earnestly desired “to see an increase in the number of the approved and persevering laborers in the cause of Holy Scripture; and more especially that those whom Divine Grace has called to Holy Orders, should day-by-day, as their state demands, display greater diligence and industry in reading, meditating and explaining it.
Retrieved December 26, from Encyclopedia. It inaugurated the modern period of Roman Catholic biblical studies by encouraging the study of textual criticism or lower criticismpertaining to text of the Scriptures themselves and transmission thereof for example, to determine correct readings and permitted the use of the historical-critical method or higher criticismto be informed by theologySacred Traditionand ecclesiastical history on the historical circumstances of the text, hypothesizing about matters such as authorship, dating, and similar concerns.
To this Our most merciful Redeemer we must therefore bring all back by every means in our power; for He is the divine consoler of the afflicted; He it is Who teaches all, whether they be invested with public authority or are bound in duty to obey and submit, true honesty, absolute justice and generous charity; it is He in fine, and He alone, Who can be the spiriti foundation and support of peace and tranquillity: Many of them also, by the written word, have promoted and do still promote, far and wide, the study of the Bible; as when they edit the sacred text corrected in accordance with the rules of textual criticism or expound, explain, and translate it into the vernacular; or when they propose spigitu to the faithful for their pious reading and meditation; or finally when they cultivate and seek the aid of profane sciences which dkvino useful for the interpretation of the Scriptures.
What those exactly were the commentator cannot determine as it adflante in advance, but only after a careful examination of the ancient literature of afflabte East. This article needs additional citations for verification. Based on enxyclical also, the faithful are admonished to make free and holy use of the sacred books in wncyclical that it instructs them to salvation by the faith which is in Christ Jesus.
Encycliczl we may rightly and deservedly hope that our time also can contribute something towards the deeper and more accurate interpretation of Sacred Scripture. Today therefore, since this branch of science has diviho to such high perfection, it is the honorable, though encycllical always easy, task of students of the Bible to procure by every means that as soon as possible may be duly published by Catholics editions of the Sacred Books and of ancient versions, brought out in accordance with these standards, which, that is to say, unite the greatest reverence for the sacred text with an exact observance of all the rules of criticism.
Jerome so to translate the Psalms sspiritu the literal sense, that, namely, which is expressed by the words themselves, might be clearly revealed.
For Catholic exegetes, by a right use of those same scientific arms, not infrequently abused by the adversaries, proposed such interpretations, which are in harmony with Catholic doctrine and the genuine current of tradition, and at the same time are seen to have proved equal to the difficulties, either raised by new explorations and discoveries, or bequeathed by antiquity for solution in our time.
Jerome, patron of studies of the Bible. The Holy Father implores the catholic exegetes to expound and discover the genuine meaning of the sacred Books so as to discern and define clearly its literal meaning. He posits xfflante the explanation of the sacred books can be done with the use of language and literary criticism. What is the literal sense of a passage is not always as obvious in the speeches and writings of the ancient authors of the East, as it is in the works of our own time.
Riding Time Like a River: Nevertheless no one, who has a correct idea of biblical inspiration, will be surprised to find, even in the Sacred Writers, as in other ancient authors, certain fixed ways of expounding and narrating, certain definite idioms, especially of a kind peculiar to the Semitic encyclial, so-called approximations, and certain hyperbolical modes of expression, nay, at times, even paradoxical, which even help to impress the ideas more deeply on the mind.
Doubtless all spiritual sense is not excluded from the Sacred Scripture. In like manner therefore ought we to explain the original text which, divno been written by the inspired author himself, has more authority and greater weight than any even the very best translation, whether ancient or modern; this can be done all the more easily and fruitfully, if to the knowledge of languages be joined a real skill in literary criticism of the same text.
II, 16; PL 34, col.
Motu proprio Bibliorum scientiamApril 27, ; Acta Ap. Unusually strong emphasis is placed on the importance of evaluating the literary forms used by ancient writers for a clearer understanding of the Bible.
Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Use dmy dates from October Use American English from October All Wikipedia articles written in American English All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Pius XII noted that advances had been made in archaeology and historical research, which made it advisable to further define the study of the Bible.
Divino afflante Spiritu – Wikipedia
For, apart from anything else, when Our Predecessor published the Encyclical Letter Providentissimus Deushardly a single place in Palestine had begun to be explored by means of relevant excavations.
There are, in fine, other books or texts, rivino contain difficulties brought to light only in quite recent times, since a more profound knowledge of antiquity has given rise to new questions, on the basis of which the point at issue may be more appropriately examined. The Holy Father makes a clarion call here, as he proclaims the above teaching of his predecessor, urging all to adhere to it religiously.
He continues by saying that the sacred writer is not also to be taxed with error if copyists have made a mistake or the real meaning of a passage remains ambiguous and finally, that it is absolutely wrong and forbidden to narrow inspiration to certain passages of the Holy scripture or to admit that the sacred writer has erred as it is impossible that God, the supreme Truth, can utter that which is not true. Sublime office, We say; for what is more sublime than to scrutinize, explain, propose to the faithful and defend from unbelievers the very word of God, communicated to spirotu under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.?
If these things which We have said, Venerable Brethren and beloved sons, are necessary in every age, much more urgently are they needed in our sorrowful times, when almost all peoples and nations are plunged in a sea of calamities, when a cruel war heaps ruins upon spirigu and slaughter upon slaughter, when, owing to the most bitter hatred stirred up among the nations, We perceive with greatest sorrow that in not a few has been extinguished afflatne sense not only of Christian moderation and charity, but also of humanity itself.
Thus has it come about that confidence in the authority and historical value of the Bible, somewhat shaken in the case of some by so many attacks, today among Catholics is completely restored; moreover there are not wanting even non-Catholic writers, who by serious and calm inquiry have been led to abandon modern opinion and to return, at wncyclical in some points, to the more ancient ideas.
Now Our Divine Savior Himself points out to us divio teaches us this same sense in the Holy Gospel; the Apostles also, following the example of affante Master, profess it in their spoken and written words; the unchanging encyclocal of the Church approves it; and finally the most ancient usage of the liturgy proclaims it, wherever may be rightly applied the well-known principle: The pope encourages the furtherance of the scientific study of the Bible through the investigation and translation of the biblical texts in their original languages rather than in the traditional Latin Vulgate, and insists upon the importance of textual criticism to obtain the most accurate biblical texts.
It is scarcely necessary to observe that this criticism, which some fifty years ago not a few made use of quite arbitrarily and often in such wise that one would say they did so to introduce into the sacred text their own preconceived ideas, enccylical has rules so firmly established and secure, that it has become a most valuable aid to the purer and more accurate editing of the sacred text and that any abuse can easily be discovered. The Catholic commentator is warned that the study of the ancient literary forms “cannot be neglected without serious detriment to Catholic exegesis.
Other documents had greatly increased our knowledge of the history, the daily life, and the religious thought aafflante the ancient world. Concerning the meaning of exegesis and aids to exegesis in our age, mention is made of Catholic theologians saying that they have been able to examine and explain afflante nature and effects of biblical inspiration more exactly and fully than in the previous years.
Divino afflante spiritu
John Chrysostom extolled with aflante highest praise and repeatedly declared to be found in the Sacred Books. I, 18 PG 59, afflantf. For having begun by expounding minutely the principle dpiritu the inspired writer, in composing the sacred book, is the living and reasonable instrument of the Holy Spirit, they rightly observe that, impelled by the divine motion, he so uses his faculties and powers, that from the book composed by him all may easily infer “the special character of each one and, as it were, his personal traits.
Hence with grave words did he proclaim that there is no error whatsoever if the sacred writer, speaking of things of the physical order “went by what sensibly spirituu as the Angelic Doctor says, speaking either “in figurative language, or in terms which were commonly used at the time, and which in many instances are in daily use at this day, even among the encycliccal eminent men of science.
And now, while ardently desiring for all sons of the Church, and especially for the professors in biblical science, for the young clergy and for preachers, that, continually meditating on the divine word, they may taste how good and sweet is the spirit of the Lord; as a presage of heavenly gifts and a token of Our paternal goodwill, We impart to you one and all, Venerable Brethren and beloved sons, most lovingly in the Lord, the Apostolic Benediction.