FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield. CHAPTER 1 . Everyone in the US Army conducts some form of IPB. For example: A rifleman in an infantry . United States Army Command and General Staff College .. Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical. FIELD MANUAL Headquarters. Department of the Army. Washington, DC , 8 July INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD.
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The intelligence estimate forms the basis for the facts and assumptions of the decision making process, driving the other staff estimates and the remaining steps in the decision making qrmy. If BDA is required to support the command’s COA, the collection manager plans collection to satisfy that set of requirements as well.
The IPB process identifies any critical gaps in the command’s knowledge of the battlefield environment or threat situation. When operating against a new or cm well-known threat, he may need to develop his intelligence data bases and threat models concurrently.
Doctrine Versus Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures.
The event template identities the NAI where the activity will occur. Refined and updated requirements result from staff wargaming and selection of a particular friendly COA. Incorporating the results of IPB into COA development ensures that each friendly COA takes advantage of the opportunities the environment and threat situation offer and is valid in terms of what they will allow. The relationship of the IPB process to each step in the decision making process is discussed below see Figure A division staffs IPB can produce Appendix A discusses in more detail the relationship between IPB and wargaming.
Given what the threat normally prefers to do, and the effects of the specific environment in which he is operating now, what are his likely objectives and the COAs available to him? There are six intelligence and electronic warfare IEW tasks described in FMthe Army’s intelligence principles manual. The battle staff then wargames the best friendly response or preemptive action based on the updated set of IPB predictions. IPB is a continuous process which consists of four steps which you perform each time you conduct IPB:.
The commander bases his initial intelligence requirements on the critical gaps identified during IPB in the mission analysis step of the decision making process. IPB forms the basis for defining the COAs available to the friendly command and drives the wargaming process that selects and refines them. Every commander and staff officer needs to think through the effects the environment has on both threat and friendly operations. As intelligence confirms or denies planning assumptions on the battlefield environment or the threat’s COA, a continuous IPB process identifies new intelligence requirements.
Sometimes the battle will progress in a direction unanticipated during the initial IPB and wargaming. The decision making process is a dynamic and continuous process. As part of COA analysis and comparison, or immediately after, the staff generally starts the targeting process with a targeting conference.
Collection management synchronizes the activities of organizations and systems to provide intelligence the commander needs to accomplish his COA and targeting efforts.
FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield – Introduction
This focuses the command’s initial intelligence collection efforts and the remaining steps of the IPB process. The coordination of this entire cycle is intelligence synchronization. Wrmy IPB which supports the decision making process must also remain dynamic, constantly integrating new information into the initial set of facts and assumptions. Sign In Sign Out.
Whenever possible, he plans and arranges direct dissemination of targeting intelligence from the collector to the targeting cell or appropriate tire support element FSE. This requires key members of the staff to “huddle” or conduct “mini-wargaming. Products developed in arrmy step might include, but are not limited to The resulting srmy synchronization matrix ISMas shown in Figuredepicts the collection strategies which support the command’s COA.
Finally, the commander leads the IPB effort.
IPB contributes to complete staff synchronization and the successful completion of several other staff processeswhich are described below. He also prepares event templates and matrices that focus intelligence collection on identifying which COA the threat will execute.
IPB supports further arky of requirements by identifying the activity which will satisfy each requirement and where and when the activity is expected wrmy occur. The details these tools provide are the basis of an effective intelligence collection plan.
This assessment of the environment always includes an examination of terrain and weather but may also include discussions of the characteristics of geography and infrastructure and their effects on friendly and threat operations. The targeting team further refines the event templates and matrices to include the information required to support targeting.
When the commander selects a particular friendly COA, he also approves and prioritizes the supporting intelligence requirements. IPB helps the commander identify his intelligence requirements and provides the focus and amry needed to satisfy them.
The results and products of IPB, conveyed in the intelligence estimate, are essential elements of the decision making process. As part of his initial planning guidance, the commander uses these gaps as a guide to establish his initial intelligence requirements. The products of IPB are the basis of the intelligence estimate. The remainder of the staff “fights” each potential friendly COA and notes where and when in its execution decisions are required to make the COA successful.
Accordingly, the major IPB effort occurs before and during the first of five steps in the decision making process. IPB not only enables a staff to put steel on target but also helps prioritize and maximize the effects of targeting.
FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield – Figures B through B
Defining the significant characteristics of the tm environment also aids in identifying gaps in current intelligence holdings and the specific intelligence required to fill them.
Enter Your Email Address. An armored company commander’s informal IPB agmy little more than an appreciation of what the threat is most likely to do during their engagement. IPB is a systematic, continuous process of analyzing the threat and environment in a specific geographic area. Some of these involve employment of the ISOS assets under his control. Both the event template and event matrix depict the times during which the activity is expected to occur.
Step 4 integrates the results of the previous steps into a meaningful conclusion. As the size of the unit increases, the level of detail required in the IPB effort increases significantly. 34130
He bases the AI’s limits on the amount of time estimated to complete the command’s mission and the location and nature of the characteristics of the battlefield which will influence the operation. FM discusses intelligence synchronization and the collection management process in detail.