Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anders. [family ACANTHACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa . EEB Greenhouse Accession Data for Acanthus montanus. Acanthus montanus (Nees) T. Anderson (Acanthaceae) is a shrub widespread in Africa, the Balkans, Romania, Greece and Eastern.

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Acanthus montanus Nees T.

Garden Uses Where winter hardy, this is a bold, stately plant that may be grown as a specimen but is perhaps best sited in small groupings. This page was last edited on 20 Marchat No serious insect or disease problems. Ground Bed 2 SE Currently: It can be found at stream borders. Articles lacking in-text citations from February All articles lacking in-text citations Articles with ‘species’ microformats All stub articles.

It reaches up to 6 feet 1.

Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it may be grown in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part acantus. Acanthus montanus Nees T.

Remove flowering stalks after bloom. If attempted outdoors in St. It has been used against rheumatism and some diuretic action is also mentioned. The aqueous root extract obtained by hot water maceration of the root powder was studied for effects on the growth of clinically isolated strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Acanthus montanus commonly called mountain thistle is a shrubby, spreading perennial that is grown as much for its attractive foliage as for its architecturally bold flower spikes.


Deeply lobed, ovate to lanceolate, spiny, dark green leaves to 12″ long with acuminate tips and silvering are both showy and ornamental. Phytochemical tests on the extract revealed an abundant presence of alkaloids and carbohydrates while saponins, glycosides, and terpenoids occurred in trace amounts.

West African Plants – A Photo Guide – Acanthus montanus (Nees) on

Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities are likely contributory mechanisms. This study was undertaken to experimentally aacnthus the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of the root extract as well as its effect acsnthus phagocytosis and specific cell-mediated immune response which may underlie the usefulness of the roots in treatment of furuncles. Plants can spread invasively by creeping rootstocks, particularly in loose soils. Genus name comes from the Greek word akantha meaning spine in reference to the toothed edges on leaves in some species.

Additional images for this accession: Its aggressive roots make this plant perfect for slopes.

Downloaded on 19 August This plant is not reliably winter hardy to the St. Problems No serious insect or disease problems.

West African Plants

The acute toxicity and lethality LD50 in mice and phytochemical constituents of the extract were also determined. A sprawling forest understory plant that is acanthhs to tropical western Africa.

You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening. Unwanted spread can be addressed by root barriers. The Plant List Always seek advice from a professional before using any plant medicinally.


Retrieved from ” https: This Acanthaceae article is a stub.

Two-lipped, snapdragon-like, scanthus to rose flowers bloom in summer on upright flower spikes to 10″ long which rise from the branch ends. Plants generally spread less in the northern parts of their growing range. Missouri Botanical Garden Shaw Blvd. Noteworthy Characteristics Acanthus montanus commonly called mountain thistle is a shrubby, spreading perennial that is grown as much for its attractive foliage as for its architecturally bold flower spikes.

Acanthus montanus – Wikipedia

Montannus area where they should be grown in greenhouses, conservatories or as houseplants. Plants tolerate a wide range of soils except poorly-drained ones. This species is a sprawling forest understory plant that is native to tropical western Africa. EEB Greenhouses assume no responsibility for adverse effects from the use of any plants referred to on this site.

Acanthus montanus

This plant is used for ornamental acantgus medicinal purposes. Louis, it should be sited in a protected location and mulched. It also inhibited vascular permeability induced by acetic acid in mice and the haemolysis of ox RBCs induced by heat- and hypotonicity. Shady and wet places.